Food Insecurity and Overweight among Infants and Toddlers
July 2007 | New Insights into a Troubling Linkage | Periodically not having enough to eat, having a diet that is inadequate, and worrying about being able to afford the amount and type of food that a household needs are all markers of food insecurity. Food insecurity persists across many households with young children and may have negative consequences for the health and well-being of infants and toddlers, who are at an specially vulnerable period in life.
Conceptualizing a Strong Start
February 2007 | Antecedents of Positive Child Outcomes at Birth and Into Early Childhood Most people agree that children are important both for their own sake and for America’s future.Therefore, it is vital to nurture children’s development and well-being, and to identify those factors that can increase the odds that children will experience a “strong start” in life. This Research Brief identifies and examines factors associated with children being born and growing up healthy—in other words, with a strong start.
State Early Childhood Policies
June 2007| This report highlights some of the key findings from National Center for Children in Poverty’s database of state policy choices, which assembles data from multiple sources to provide a unique picture of early childhood policies across the states (see Appendix A for sources referenced in this report).
Childhood Poverty Costs
February 2009 | Childhood Poverty Costs Shelby County Nearly $1.5 Billion A Year In Lost Productivity. The Recession Likely Will Drive An Additional 8,388 Children In Shelby County Into Poverty. While poverty has many negative implications for the well-being of our community, one of the most tangible is a long-term reduction in our economic productivity. New research suggests that childhood poverty in our community will worsen because of the current economic crisis. In this brief, The Center for Urban Child Policy estimates that the current recession will cause an additional 8,388 children in Shelby County to fall into poverty and will reduce the future GDP of the metro area by nearly $230 million a year, every year of these children's working lives.
Rebuilding the Nation's Child Welfare System
Issue Brief 2009: Rebuild the Nation's Child Welfare System | Our nation’s child welfare systems spend more than $25 billion per year, of which more than $12 billion comes from the federal government. Yet there is broad consensus that these systems, despite the extraordinary efforts, fail to produce the results we need. This Casey Foundation issue brief outlines federal policy recommendations for rebuilding the nation's child welfare system.
SCHIP Reauthorization 2009
February 2009 | Implications For Children In Shelby County | Regular access to medical care is important for the healthy cognitive and physical development of young children. The first three years of a child's life are a critical period of social, emotional and cognitive brain development, laying the foundation for that child's later success in school and in life. Therefore having access to regular medical care, including well child visits, immunizations and developmental screenings helps insure that children have the strongest and healthiest start possible in this critical period of early development. In many states, including Tennessee, the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) provides a needed source of health insurance coverage for pregnant women and children (0 to 18) whose families earn too much to qualify for Medicaid but too little to readily afford private insurance. In this brief, we examine 2008 Census Bureau estimates of insurance coverage and the recent re-authorization to understand the implications of the latest reauthorization for Tennessee's uninsured children.
Assessing What Kids Think About Themselves
August 2008 | A Guide to Adolescent Self-Concept for Out-of-School Time Program Practitioners| Children in the United States tend to experience a decline in positive self-concept during their adolescent years. This decline often begins around age 12 for girls and around age 14 for boys. For some, the decline can become severe in early adolescence (between the ages 14 and 16) before generally recovering in the mid-teen years.1 Having a negative selfconcept during adolescence has been associated with maladaptive behaviors and emotions.
June 2008 | How and Why it Can Help Out-of-School Time Programs Involve At-Risk Youth | Out-of-school time programs provide intervention and prevention services to young people who are deemed “at-risk” with the goal of improving their social, emotional, and academic development. However, research indicates that children and youth who are most “at-risk” are less likely to participate in out-of-school time programs, and do so less regularly than others.
The Over-Scheduling Myth
February 2008 | Contrary to popular belief, recent research rejects the notion that most or even many children and youth are over-scheduled and are suffering as a result. In fact, less than one in ten could be described as overscheduled. Moreover, our research indicates that only six in ten children and youth participate in organized out-of-school activities at any given time, and links involvement in those extracurricular activities with positive social, behavioral, and psychological outcomes.
Ways to Promote the Positive Development of Children and Youth
February 2008 | This brief discusses the elements and features that define positive youth development and highlights some ways to support the positive development of children and youth. Specifically, this brief addresses the critical role that particular out-of-school time settings—namely, regular family dinners and organized activity programs—can play in supporting adolescents’ development.
Girls Study Group
Girls Study Group--Charting the Way to Delinquency Prevention for Girls | October 2008 | This Report provides an overview of the Girls Study Group’s research on female juvenile delinquency. The bulletin, part of the Girls Study Group series, summarizes the findings presented in each of the other six bulletins in the series. The Girls Study Group was created to provide a comprehensive research foundation for understanding and responding to girls’ involvement in delinquency.
Court Performance Measures in Child Abuse and Neglect Cases
Court Performance Measures in Child Abuse and Neglect Cases: Key Measures | December 2008 | This report outlines nine measures that have been identified as key to determining court performance in child abuse and neglect cases. Discusses the goal of each measure, data requirements, calculation and interpretation, and important related measures. It also includes a list of terms along with their definitions. Key Measures is a useful tool for making the case for performance measurement to legislators, funders, and other high-level decision makers.
Co-Occurrence of Substance Use Behaviors in Youth | November 2008 | This Bulletin examines the prevalence and overlap of substance-related behaviors among youth, making comparisons based on age group, gender, and race/ethnicity. Findings reported in this Bulletin are drawn from the first two stages of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, which gathered self-reports from a nationally representative sample of youth ages 12–17 in 1997 and 1998. The data are derived from questions survey participants answered regarding their alcohol and drug use during the previous 30 days, including the frequency of their consumption, the types of drugs used, and whether they had sold drugs. The central finding was that, given one substance-related behavior, other substance-related behaviors became much more likely.
Sexually Assaulted Children
Sexually Assaulted Children: National Estimates and Characteristics | August 2008 | This Bulletin provides information on the estimated number and characteristics of children who were sexually assaulted in the United States in 1999. This Bulletin is the seventh in the Second National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (NISMART–2) series. Information on sexual assault was gathered from NISMART–2 interviews with victims and their families.
Unified Family Court
Unified Family Court Evaluation Literature Review 2002 | In August 2000, the Judicial Council of California presented a three-year operational plan designed to address the goals of its strategic plan of Leading Justice into the Future. The plan identifies the establishment of unified or coordinated family court systems as a high priority strategy related to the accomplishment two goals: improving the quality of justice and service to the public.
Key National Indicators of Well-Being
July 2006 | America's Children in Brief | This Report presents statistics about children’s economic security, health, behavior, social environment, and education. The Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, comprising 20 federal agencies including OJJDP, publishes key indicators data annually, alternating this “In Brief” version with a more detailed report.
Kids Count Data Book 2008
Kids Count Essay 2008 Summary | This Summary version of the 2008 Kids Count Essay, A Roadmap for Juvenile Justice, presents the six pervasive challenges raised in the essay that face our nation's nation's Juvenile Justice Systems today. It highlights key facts and data, and offers promising solutions for approaches that have been proven to improve outcomes for youth, families, tax payers, and communities.
Essay and Data Brief from the 2008 KIDS COUNT Data Book | This booklet includes the complete 2008 KIDS COUNT Data Book essay -- A Road Map for Juvenile Justice Reform -- plus a 3-page chart of state by state data on child well-being as well as a listing of contacts for all state KIDS COUNT grantees.
Mental Health Practice
Mental Health Practice: Guidelines for Child Welfare 2009 | These guidelines and supporting rationale were developed from the October 2007 Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare Consensus Conference sponsored by Casey Family Programs, the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the REACH Institute (Resource for Advancing Children’s Health). The purpose of this convening was to develop best practice standards for addressing mental health in child welfare by focusing on: mental health screening and assessment, psychosocial interventions, psychopharmacological interventions, parent support and empowerment, and, lastly, youth support.
National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being
Racial Disproportionality, Race Disparity, and Other Race-Related Findings in Published Works Derived from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being 2008 | This paper draws on studies of data gathered during the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being (NSCAW). It examines child welfare in the context of race and ethnicity.